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July 23rd, 2009 by spongeboblover


FORGETING-Whenever i forget something i realize that the only reason that i forget is because i failed to encode ,store or retrieve the information. the first reason that i have a problem with forgetting is because of the three deadly sins. the first sin is absentmindedness. Sometimes i would have the inattention to any details which will usually lead to encoding failure. for example one day i put the remote down somewhere and i was not really paying an y attention  to where i had sat it so i had forgot where it was and i had encodeing failure where it had took a whole week to remember where the remote was.the second sin is transience. this is when storage decay comes into play, like for example i took spanish class when i was in the 9th grade during high school ,that was the only year that i had ever used spanish now when i try to use it i just dont know it because this unused information had faded away. the third and last sin of forgetting is blocking. this is when i try to access information but thr info is inaccessible to my stored information  .for exmaple if i tried to remember something but it was on the tip of my tongue and i was not able to remember it was because i experienced retrieval failure- and i cant get it out.

DiSTORTION-there are 3 sins of distortion-misattribution, suggestibility, and bias. Misattribution is confusing the source of information.for example int he game called telephone someone wold atart off with a short phrase or qquote and theyll whispher it in another persons ear and they’ll whispher in another perosns ear and it will go on like that through 5 or  more people ,the object of the game is for the last person to correctly say what the 1st person had said but most of the time the information is confused because it can only be said once or when someone tells another person info and they relay the info to another they will usually say the opposite of what someone else has already said, which is putting words  in someone elses mouth. the second sin is suggestibility, where you have lingering effects of misinformation.for example if you ask a child if they were touched in their private area it would later become your young child’s false memory.the third and last sin is bias.bias is a belief colored recollection where my current feelings towards one of my friends may color our initial feelings .

INTRUSION-It has one sin called persistance.persistance is unwanted memories such as being haunted by images of a sexual assault.

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Final Thoughts

July 23rd, 2009 by psy4chai


A final collection of some of my footnotes from class:


Groupthink: the fairytale The Emporer’s New Clothes.  Everyone pretending to admire the new clothes because no one wanted to be the first to say that he was simply naked.  If “the others” were willing to say that his new clothes were wonderful, then so were they!  Finally, one young boy stood forward and questioned the status quo–he couldn’t see any clothes–he saw only a foolish, vain, and very naked man before him.

Foot-in-the-door: For a band fund-raiser, the product demonstrator had told us to hand our order sheets to people (the order sheet was pretty much the catalog, too–with pictures and all)…because handing them a pen, or the form was “getting them to do something“, and selling the product was the next step.  He didn’t call it foot-in-the-door, but that’s really what it was.  To this day, when someone knocks on my door and holds out something for me to look at or take–I just leave their hand hanging out there in the wind and ask them politely what they are selling.  I dislike a lot of the door-to-door tactics, “Hi, I am working on my public speaking”, “I’m trying to win a contest where I can go to<insert cool place name here>”, and perhaps most of all–the foot-in-the-door tactic of trying to force me to take something in my hand.  I help them with their public speaking;  I exchange pleasantries with them as they try and find some chink in the armor; but if they hold out the item thinking that I’m going to take it like a manipulated lab rat–yeah, good luck with that one.

The text mentioned an advice columnist advising her letter writers to seek professional counseling or therapy, and then the text went on to comment on this being a sign of endorsement for the positive value of psychological therapies.  I think they rather missed an important point–assuming that the columnist (I think it was Ann Landers) *does* believe in therapy–I would say there is a prevailing reason that she would mention it twice in the same day{ according to the text}.

I would probably agree that she believes in therapy, and I would certainly agree that she is helping people in a way that is pro-social and benevolent (she wouldn’t be writing a column to help people if she didn’t have caring and desire to help), but writing a column is also her job.  She is also protecting herself and the publication that she works for by covering her assets.  If you are not giving someone professional treatment but are giving them advice, someone may sue you for inadequacies they can attribute to you (Hell–they can sue you even if you are a professional–but at least you should have proper coverage for that type of thing).  If she always refers people who are troubled and potentially a danger to themselves or others, she is doing the best thing for them and herself.  In this manner, she can help people and enjoy not only the reward of feeling good about helping, but she can avoid adverse consequences of a lawsuit.  Thus–I giggle that the text takes the slant of calling our her endorsement of psychotherapy, when there is more to her actions than that.  To protect herself and her employers–she would have to say things like that even if she had no belief in it.  I worked for a credit card company where I had customers asking me questions and advice about credit, and I was required to tell every one of them that I was not a “credit counselor” even if I did point out a few things that helped them understand credit a little better.

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ericksons stages

July 23rd, 2009 by spongeboblover

infancy-being that my daughter was one year old ,she was able to develop the sense of trust because her needs were dependently met and she developed  this basic sense of trust, unlike my daughter–one of my friends children,who was eleven mths old at the time was not able to develop the same sense of basic trust as my daughter,therefore she developed the sense of mistrust because her needs were enot dependently met

toddlerhood-now that my daughter is fourteen mths old she has developed the sense of autonomy by learning that she could exercise her will and do most things that a toddler is able to do,unlike my daughter my friends 2yr old son had the developed the issue of shame and doubt, so now he tends to doubt his abilities and solely relie on his mother for every little thing

preschooler-there is a 4yr old boy named mikey and a 5 yr old girl named anna. Mikey developed the sense of intiative. this child learned to initiate tasks and carry out plans . the 5yr old,anna, developed the issue of guilt,where she feels guilty whenever she tries  to put in work in order to become independent

elementary school-there is autumn, a 7 yr old little girl, and there is david, an 11 yr old little boy. autumn has learned the pleasure of applying herself to tasks by having competence.whereas david does not feel competent ,he justfeels inferior

adolescence-being that i am 17 yrs old ,i have worked hard trying to find myself.i worked by refinig a sense of self by testing roles and integrating them to form my own individual identity,whereas most of my friends have developed a sense of role confusion because most of them became confused about who they are or who they want to be

young adulthood-my 21yr old friend has developed the sense of intimacy because she struggled to form close relationships but she was abke to gain the capacity of intimate love, unlike her 39yr old mother she wasnt able to develop any close bonds with anyone so she developed of issue of isolation so now she feels like she is socailly isolated                                       

middle adulthood-my 4o yr old aunt developed the sense of ganerativity,she discovered a sense the she had contributed to the world through family and work, unlike  my other 47 year old woman, who developed the sense of stagnation, so feels like shse lacks a purpose of this earth

late adulthood-my next door neighbor is 89yrs old and eventhough her husband has died within the past year she steill developed the feeling of integrity instead of despair

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stars programs

July 23rd, 2009 by desi

Growing up is a tough business, and teachers take the majority of the brunt of this never-ending train. In my opinion, middle school is definitely one of the most awkward times for a growing adolescent. Thinking back to my own middle school days, I remember getting little paper stars that I would collect each week. They would then lead up to a prize like no homework for a night or extra credit, although I only remember using just one of them for such.

I’ve always like collecting things, things that other people want. I left after those two years with more paper stars than I could count, and completing all my work, but then again I was always the person who didn’t mind doing their school work for classes.

In the token economy that we were thrust into in seventh and eighth grade, we learned the idea of rewarding good behavior and how pro-social behavior can be helpful in life and your pursuits. The external rewards were a driving factor for our learning experience, and for gaining an insight as to what is expected of our actions in life.

In Erik Erikson’s stage of elementary school, he truly defines where a token economy and external rewards really come into the psychosocial development of a human being. The elementary school complex involves competence vs. inferiority where we learn how to apply ourselves to tasks. Obtaining rewards for these tasks allows us to feel competent, and accomplished, and allow us to go on to lead successful lives.

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Why Won’t You Pick Up After Yourself?

July 23rd, 2009 by zmorshed

     Okay, so I am a sibling of four; one older and two younger, way younger.  If there is anyone in the house who cleans the bathrooms, it is either me or Mom. Being the type A daughter, I feel bad and want to help out, especially clean up a mess that is my own (and my three other sisters). Every other day, I see a pile of clothing running over the laundry basket or empty toilet paper rolls stacked up in a pile. With the older sibling, it is rather difficult trying to use reinforcements. But with my two little sisters and their royal mess of little girly toys and nail polish on the bathroom vanity, I am able to use operant conditioning such as reinforcement and punishment techniques. Some days I just take them to the park or bake cookies for them if they do as I ask. Other days, I threaten to have Mom take away their bicycles or favorite art sets for some time. After a while, they get in to the habit of cleaning on their own, thank goodness.

     The same thing happend with my previous roommate and I. Boy, was it difficult keep our floor and vanity clean for a even just a few days consecutively! I quickly discovered that my roommate was no cleaner, especially because she was an athlete, and let’s face it, athletes don’t mind things being dirty. {Am I stereotyping? ;) } That made it worse, I could not handle the smell of dirty socks, stockings, jerseys being thrown around every where. So I attempted enfocing the positive reinforcement techniques first. Didn’t work. Eventually I went from being nice girl to mean girl. But it was out of roommate love (it really was, believe me!) and worked out in the end.

    I guess you can’t change a person’s habits unless they want to themselves, but you can easily get your way out of cleaning all the time by threatening to blackmail them, if all else fails :P


p.s. I love my roommate and my siblings.

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Do You See What I See?

July 23rd, 2009 by zmorshed

    If you notice me in class, I am a student who barely speaks, unless I am in desparate need of an answer to a question that I may soon forget to ask the professor in private. As a fundamental attribution error, people may percieve me as a very quiet individual, but most of the time, I am the exact opposite. I like my solitude, don’t get me wrong. But I have no problem in being the first person to say hello to a new group of people. I am known as the welcoming, outgoing girl described by my friends.

   Sometimes, attitudes can predict our behavior, but they don’t always match up. For instance, if my boss at work is having a ranting session in front of a new patient, the patient might come to a conclusion that his/her doctor is rather noisy and aggressive. This theory proves that men and women are seen in the context we want to see them in. We don’t have enough context about the person or the situation, but we are not hesitant to judge them.

    Ladies, I know you all love to rant about men when they treat you minutely unpleasantly. This is just an overgeneralization and an ultimate attribution error. Just because this guy broke up with you does not mean all men in the world are a bunch of pigs (okay, I am being hopeful.)

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Seasonal Effective Disorder or Just Adaptation to Nature?

July 23rd, 2009 by zmorshed

   For the longest time, I have wondered why New Englanders have mostly all of the most elite universities as opposed to the southern part of the United States. Is it due to the lack of constant heat or sunlight in a year which leads most children in to forming habits such as reading or writing more? Why is it that northerner have a much accelerated speed of conversation than those from the south do? Does the lack of sunlight really change the way lifestyle is lived? The way minds are formed? The priorities people make with their lives? Due to lack of sunlight, do northerners seem to stay inside more and read or is that more of a genetic attribute?

   Why do people from Georgia or Florida have a glowing sweetness to their tones when speaking? Perhaps I am stereotyping a bit here, or overgeneralizing as well. But the curiosity really has striked me in to finding out whether this may be a seasonal effective disorder or just overall a differnt setting of priorities due to a different setting of environment. People from the south tend to be more outdoorsey and are immediately more attracted to the beach. Whereas people from far up north, tend to lean towards the intellectual side and focus more on elitism. (Again, I may be stereotyping).  What do you think?

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Sure, I am South Asian, But Don’t Stereotype Me, Please.

July 23rd, 2009 by zmorshed

    One vivid memory I have of being stereotyped is when I moved to a different high school. The very first day I entered my new homeroom class, I gave my course schedule to my teacher as I overheard a girl in the corner of the room say, “can she speak English?” I was taken aback for a second and with my gut reaction, I turned around and responded, “yes, I can speak English quite well.” I guess I never really let people’s stereotyping get to the best of me until the stereotyping crossed the line of being subtle or very offensive.

    Being a south Asian girl, I was called many different things, Indian, Brown, dork, ethnic, prude. Some days I didn’t care, other days, I couldn’t take it. What got to me most was when people, (even my own relatives!) asked me if I was going to become a doctor or an engineer. These stereotypes I ended up ridiculing and tried taking it lightly the more they came. As I am getting older, and I am encountering new people in college, I am often asked about marriage and whether or not I will have an arranged marriage or not, whether or not my parents will allow me to have a love marriage, or whether I even believe in on or the other. As much as some of the questions upset me, I thank those people who continuously ask them because it allows me to remind myself that I am not the one to fall under these stereotypes nor will I intentionally attempt to put someone else in that position as well.

   Being a woman of the Islamic religion, I am able to understand the stereotypes women who wear hijabs (head scarfs) recieve. In this video, you will see that not only was the girl listening to the guys demean women but stereotype the girl and place her in a prejudiced category just because she wore a head scarf. That guy’s friends practically described the girl as a possible terrorist. I am often asked whether I want to wear hijabs or not. That is a personal choice I may or may not make which I have not decided yet. Nonetheless,  just because I am a Muslim does not mean I may follow all traditional aspects of the religion.

Stereotypes and Prejudices … I wish more people were like the guy and the girl.

(I recommend this film, it is called Paris Je taime.)

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Psychological Therapies

July 23rd, 2009 by cprobst

Their is a TV show that I watch in reruns called Monk. Its about a guy who is a very good detective, because of all the psychological disorders he has. He has tons of phobias, heights,snakes, germs, bugs,ect. and with these phobias he has a lot of anxiety. He also has OCD, I would say is two main obsessions are with germs, dirt, toxins and symmetry, order, exactness. He has all the compulsions that come with these obsessions, like excessive hand washing and grooming, repeating rituals, every thing must be on an even number. The type of therapy he uses seems to be a form humanistic therapy called client-centered therapy, with his therapist using a lot of active  listening. Monk did try drug therapy once but the side effects of the drug was to great. As far as I can see the therapy does seem to help him somewhat.

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You don’t know me!

July 23rd, 2009 by alange

I can almost guarantee that anyone who has not seen me outside of class has made a fundamental attribution error about my personality. As I said in my first blog post, I am terrified of speaking in class, so people in my classes think I am extremely shy and probably afraid of social settings. This really isn’t true at all. I am usually a very confident person and I’m not really all that shy either.

It’s interesting that we all make errors like this one. I’ll admit; I had a roommate last year who I determined was a cold, hateful person, because she was always yelling at me and my other roommate in the middle of the night. Looking back I really doubt that she’s the horrible person I thought she was at the time. In fact her yelling probably had a lot less to do with her bad attitude than the fact that my other roommate likes to scream all of her words when she’s intoxicated. (This was almost a daily occurrence, and it says a lot about my other roommate. God bless her poor drunken little heart.)

We recognize when people incorrectly judge our personalities based on isolated instances. Many of us even have a good understanding of the social-cognitive perspective of personality without ever having read about it. We change our personalities because of and/ or to manipulate our environment. For example, I am a lot more carefree around my fiance than I am when I’m talking to my boss, so why are we so quick to judge a person based on an interaction in one environment or in one instance? I’m sensing an epic battle between what we know to be true logically and what we believe to be true with our gut. Sometimes it’s hard to take a step back and realize that other people are probably very similar to us. We have dynamic responses to different environments, so logically, other people are probably the same way. Snap judgments might make us feel like we know someone, but really we’ve only seen a snapshot of their life. You would have to know someone very well to be able to attribute a certain behavior to someone’s personality. (Disclaimer: Just because I know this does not mean I won’t still make this mistake. I’m human like that.)

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